UKRAINE: The last news of day
Courtesy of: Council of The UE (Belgium), Council on Foreign Relations (USA), IAI (Italy), Osservatorio Balcani Caucaso (Italia), The Moscow Times (Russia) and Transitions (Czech Republic)
- COUNCIL OF THE UE
03/06/2022 15:47 | Press release | Ukraine: Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the EU on attempts of the Russian Federation to forcefully integrate parts of Ukrainian territory
The European Union strongly condemns the Russian Presidential decrees of 25 May and 30 May, simplifying the process for granting Russian citizenship and issuing Russian passports to Ukrainian citizens of the Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions which are temporarily under military control of Russian invading troops, as well as to Ukrainian children without parental care and legally incapacitated persons from Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions. The European Union will not recognise these passports, issued as part of Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine.
The European Union strongly condemns any attempts by Russia to replace democratically elected and legitimate Ukrainian administrations. The European Union also condemns the attempts to introduce the Russian rouble as a parallel currency to the Ukrainian hryvnia as well as the attempts to impose Russian curricula and education materials and change the language of tuition in schools in those parts of Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions which are currently under the illegal control of invading Russian armed forces.
Any attempts to alter the status of parts of Ukrainian territory are a clear violation of international law, the UN Charter and Ukraine’s Constitution, they further undermine sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, and will not be recognised by the European Union. Russia, its political leadership, and all those involved in violations of international law and international humanitarian law will be held accountable for these illegal actions.
The European Union remains unwavering in its support for Ukraine’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, and urges the Russian Federation to immediately and unconditionally withdraw all of its troops and military equipment from the entire territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders.
- COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
Top of the Agenda
Russia Controls One-Fifth of Ukraine After One Hundred Days of War
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy described the extent of Russian gains (NYT) since its February invasion, saying Russia now controls Ukrainian territory that is equivalent to the size of Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands combined. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Director-General Jens Stoltenberg said Western countries should be prepared (AFP) for a long “war of attrition” in Ukraine.
Russia has focused attacks in recent weeks on the eastern Donbas region, where the United Kingdom said Russian forces have gained momentum (BBC) over Ukrainian forces. In the country’s south, a Ukrainian official said Ukrainian forces have retaken twenty towns and villages. As part of efforts to punish Russia for the invasion, the United States announced new sanctions on members of the country’s elite and Russian yachts.
"At the 100 day mark, the Ukraine war [is] a classic glass half full/empty case. Ukraine with US & European backing has mounted a valiant response of unexpected effectiveness. But growing concerns over Russian gains in south & east along with signs of some weakening of West’s cohesion,” CFR President Richard Haass tweets.
“Despite its failures in Ukraine, Russia retains the capacity and the will to continue to seriously challenge the United States and Europe. Russia may be down, but it’s not out,” the Center for a New American Security’s Andrea Kendall-Taylor and CNA’s Michael Kofman write for the New York Times.
CFR’s Center for Preventive Action traces the history of conflict in Ukraine.
Beyond the “End of History”: Nationalism, Liberalism and the War in Ukraine Hadas Aron and Emily Holland
Since the Maidan Revolution and the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Ukraine has been undergoing a process of change. For Ukrainians, a sense of unified national identity has grown stronger. The current war is bound to further solidify Ukrainian national identity, which is composed of nationalist and liberal elements, because Ukrainian nationalism inherently opposes illiberal Russian imperialism. After the conflict, Ukraine will need significant reconstruction, but it is crucial that this process gives space and autonomy for Ukraine to internally resolve the tension between nationalism and liberalism.
Please, click HERE to read more.
- OSSERVATORIO BALCANI CAUCASO
Come guardare alla composizione etnica e linguistica dell’Ucraina? Sono concetti fluidi e si sbaglia a dare l’immagine di una paese strutturalmente diviso tra minoranza russa e maggioranza ucraina. Un approfondimento a firma di Oleksiy Bondarenko.
Please, click HERE to read more.
- THE MOSCOW TIMES
Various interesting stories about war in Ukraine.
Please, click HERE to read them.
1 June 2022
THE BIG STORY: KREMLIN COMPLAINS OF INCITEMENT OVER U.S. MISSILE SHIPMENTS TO UKRAINE
What happened: U.S. officials say Ukraine has promised Washington that the upcoming shipment of precision missile systems will not be used to attack targets on Russian territory, Politico reports. The HIMARS rocket system, part of the 11th package of U.S. military assistance to Ukraine since Russia’s invasion three months ago, has a longer range than any previously used by Ukraine in the war so far, according to CNN. Germany today announced it will send new anti-aircraft missiles and radar systems to Ukraine, Euronews reports.
More context: The Western moves to send more sophisticated arms to Ukraine come amid mixed reports of Russian advances in the war. In the east, a regional governor said Russian forces now control 70% of the city of Severodonetsk – up from 50% yesterday – and the only other city in Luhansk region that the Russians have not yet captured, Lysychansk, will probably be attacked by Russia next, according to AP. However, in southern Ukraine, a regional governor said Russian troops are on the defensive and in retreat.
Worth noting: Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov responded to the news of the U.S. missile shipment, saying, “We believe that the U.S. is deliberately and diligently pouring fuel on the fire,” AP reports.
* NEWS FROM THE REGIONS
- Central Europe and the Baltics
• The Czech ombudsman’s office has added its voice to reports of discrimination against Ukrainian refugees of Romani origin, Romea.cz reports, citing local media. As part of an investigation in four Czech cities, the office found that the refugees were either barred from refugee registration centers or allowed in only with police escort or when accompanied by an aid worker. Romani refugees were also required to have pre-arranged housing before even applying for refugee protection. Ill-treatment of Romani refugees has been an ongoing scandal in the Czech Republic; authorities have announced that refugees with dual Ukrainian-Hungarian citizenship do not qualify for protection – because Hungary is in the EU – but it’s mainly Romani refugees who are checked for dual citizenship, aid workers say, whereas Germany does not take nationality into account at all, DW reported.
• The ombudswoman of Ukraine, Lyudmila Denisova, was fired by the Ukrainian parliament yesterday for failing to take adequate action in organizing evacuation routes and other measures, RFE/RL reports. Representatives of President Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s Servant of the People party supported the move, citing Denisova’s slow movement on finding facts to support investigations into Russian war crimes. Earlier this week, Zelenskiy fired the security chief of the Kharkiv region.
• Humanitarian relief efforts are failing to adequately help refugee women and girls fleeing Ukraine, according to the feminist Voice project and the refugee support organization HIAS. Their new report is based on interviews with women’s rights organizations, NGOs, government actors, and relief workers from the UN and from private organizations in Ukraine and five neighboring countries.
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